In Canada, building codes are important tools for achieving social goals related to health, safety and accessibility. In addition, they are increasingly used as a means of achieving other goals such as increasing energy efficiency, minimizing greenhouse gas emissions, and achieving sustainability.
Building codes are based on standards set by standards bodies like the Canadian Standards Association (CSA), the American Concrete Institute (ACI) and the American Society for Testing and Materials Codes (ASTM). The manufacture of cement, concrete and concrete products in Canada is governed by a variety of Canadian Standards Association (CSA) standards. These standards form the backbone of the National Building Code of Canada (NBCC) and of provincial building codes. Industry specifications and guidelines also cite CSA standards for other forms of construction not governed by Canadian building codes.
Formulation of the model national codes, including the model National Building Code (NBC), is the responsibility of the Canadian Commission on Building and Fire Codes (CCBFC) – an independent commission that is responsible for all decisions regarding model codes in Canada. The CCBFC is comprised of volunteers who approach the issues from three different perspectives – one third are building regulators, one third are from various parts of the building industry, and one third have a more general perspective on the issues. Committees are created using a "balanced matrix" approach, which means that each committee is structured to capitalize on the combined strengths and expertise of its members - with no single group dominating. Each committee considers the views of all participants and develops the details of the standard by a consensus process, which includes the principles of inclusive participation, transparency and respect for diverse interests.
Standing Committee on Structural Design (NBC Part 4)
Standing Committee on Housing and Small Buildings (NBC Part 9)
Standing Committee on Fire Protection (NBC Part 3 & National Fire Code)
Structural loads and procedures
Excavations and foundation design
Design requirements for structural materials (wood, masonry, concrete, steel, aluminum, glass)
Design requirements for special structures (air-supported structures, parking structures)
The Standing Committee on Housing and Small Buildings is responsible for all requirements in Part 9 Housing and Small Buildings of the 2005 National Building Code (NBC) and their related appendix notes and for the technical content of its ancillary documents
[e.g. National Housing Code 1998 and Illustrated Guide (NHC&IG)].
Structural fire protection
Combustibility of building materials
Fire spread within buildings, including smoke movement
Fire spread to adjacent buildings
Suppression of fires
Fire protection of fire alarm and detection systems
The CSA manages the following standards for the cement, masonry and concrete industries:
A23.3 Concrete Design
S413 Parking Structures
S304.1 Masonry Design
S6 Bridge TC
S6 Concrete Subcommittee
A864 AAR Guide
A370 Masonry Construction
A371 Masonry Connectors
ACI manages the following standards:
ACI 216 Fire Resistance
ACI 232 – Fly Ash and Natural Pozzolans in Concrete
ACI 233 – Ground Slag in Concrete
ACI 355 Anchorage
ACI 544 – Fiber Reinforced Concrete
ASTM manages the following standards:
ASTM C09-Concrete & Concrete Aggregates
Standards are living documents, continually revised and refreshed to address changing requirements and emerging technologies. Each standard is reviewed at least every five years as part of a process of continual improvement. The model National Building Code of Canada is also updated on a 5-year cycle. The latest release, dated 2005, was issued in 2006.
Because of the strategic, long-term importance of standards in general and their relationship to the model National Building Code, CAC is actively involved in the committees that develop them, and chairs some of those committees. The Cement Association of Canada participates in all meetings of the Canadian Commission on Building and Fire Codes (CCBFC), as well as the meetings of the Standing Committees for Structural Design (NBC Part 4), Housing (Part 9) and Fire protection (NBC Part 3 & National Fire Code).
CAC’s participation in this work ensures that the National Building Code favours the use of concrete solutions when applicable or at the very least does not restrict the use of concrete. In addition, our participation ensures that cement/concrete based innovations in building materials are codified and adopted in a timely manner.
In addition, CAC coordinates industry funding for the CSA standards and is constantly looking for ways to make them available for national use more cost-efficiently. Projects of current interest include the harmonization of U.S. and Canadian standards, as well as the potential adoption of non- North American standards such as ISO.
The Association is active in several areas of the construction industry including ongoing partnerships with government, stakeholders, designers, engineers, architects, and trade associations.
Concrete Saskatchewan’s objective is to promote the use of concrete and best practice amongst membership to produce concrete in accordance with the highest quality standards. We are focused on facilitating relationships among members and industry to strengthen our roots as a unified voice and promote concrete as the building material of choice.
Box 696 Main Station